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What is periodontal disease?

Many adults currently have some form of the disease. Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. It is a leading cause of tooth loss and may be associated with other chronic diseases, including diabetes and heart disease.

Periodontal disease


Periodontal disease develops insidiously (gingival bleeding occurs episodically). A preventive care can help limit the development of this disease.


At the first signs of the disease (redness, bleeding, tooth mobility, bad breath, gingival abscess or retraction), the establishment of an effective treatment plan will successfully treat it.

                                             


Gingival pathologies


Gingivitis


The gingiva is the pink mucosal tissue surrounding teeth. Gingivitis develops in the presence of infection, plague, etc.


What is gingivitis?


Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums, causing the gums to become red, swollen and bleed easily even on the slightest touch like brushing or eating. The condition is frequently located between two teeth but it can extend and spread within the jaw. If not treated, it favors recession and can accelerate tooth loss.


What cause gingivitis?


Gingivitis is commonly the result of excessive tartar formed by the calcification of plaque. Plaque and tartar are the conducive factors facilitating bacterial growth and thus forming a localized infection of the gums.

 
Gingivitis, often associated with insufficient oral hygiene, is favored by pregnancy, smoking, diabetes, malpositioned teeth or badly treated decay, etc.


Treatment


Treatment of gingivitis is generally by improved dental hygiene, thorough professional scaling and frequent utilization of mouthwashes.

Periodontitis (loose teeth)


Periodontitis (also called moving teeth) is the most common chronic disease that affects up to 80% of the adult population.

 

What is periodontitis?


Originally, periodontitis is characterized by infection of the gums and bone surrounding the teeth. Infection leads to damages of the periodontal tissues that support the teeth (the gums, the cementum and jaw bone). As the disease progresses, a periodontal pocket is formed between the gums and the tooth. It quickly becomes the recipient of bacteria and tartar that exacerbates the irritation of the gum and prevents the recovery. At its most advanced stage, periodontitis may result into loss of the tooth.


What are the symptoms of periodontitis?


The revealing signs of an eventual periodontitis include red and swollen gums bleeding easily occurs when brushing, tooth mobility, bad breath, gum abscess, gingival recession ... Aesthetically, the destruction of periodontal tissues can cause discomfort such as gum retraction.